FAILED TO FULFILL ANY OF THE SIX AUTHENTIC
INTRODUCTION: The word "messiah"
means anointed with oil. All kings,
in the Jewish Bible are described as "messiahs" because they were
all anointed with oil into God's service. Many Jewish prophets
foretold that a particular messiah, the Messiah ben David, would
appear and fulfill six major prophecies that will lead the world
into a special Messianic Era. These messianic criteria are and have
always been universally accepted by the Jewish People. Jesus did not
qualify as the Jewish Messiah ben David for the simple reason that
he did not fulfill any of these criteria. The Messiah ben David
1. have the correct genealogy by being
descended from King David
2. be anointed King of Israel,
3. return the Jewish People to Israel,
4. rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem,
5. bring peace to the world and end all
6. bring knowledge of God to the world.
MESSIANIC CRITERIA ARE EMPIRICALLY VERIFIABLE: "Faith" is
irrelevant to the Jewish concept of the Messiah ben David, because
an individual either fulfills these prophetic criteria or he
doesn't. Christianity requires faith that Jesus is their "messiah"
precisely because he didn't fulfill any of the Jewish messianic
criteria. Christianity's concept of faith in Jesus is therefore a
substitute for this defect. It is important to note that the
fulfillment of each of the six Jewish messianic criteria is
empirically verifiable and therefore no faith is required to
determine the identity of the Jewish Messiah ben David. For example,
the entire world will be able to observe that the Temple has
been rebuilt, the Jews have returned to Israel, the entire world
believes in God, and the world is at peace. Virtually none of the
Christian messianic "proofs" are empirically verifiable.
MAIMONIDES AND THE MESSIAH BEN DAVID:
Rabbi Moses ben Maimon (the Rambam) was one of the greatest rabbinic
sages in Jewish history. He explained how someday we would know the
identity of the Messiah ben David:
"We may assume that an individual is the
Messiah [ben David] if he fulfills the following conditions: He must
be a ruler, from the House of David, immersed in the Torah and its
commandments like David his ancestor. He must also follow both the
written and the Oral Torah, lead all Jews back to the Torah,
strengthen the observance of its laws, and fight God's battles. If
one fulfills these conditions, then we may assume that he is the
Messiah. If he does this successfully, and then rebuilds the Temple
[Beis HaMikdash] on its original site and gathers all the dispersed
Jews, then we may be certain that he is the Messiah. He will then
perfect the entire world and bring all men to serve God in unity. It
is true that the prophet Isaiah predicted, 'The wolf shall live with
the sheep, the leopard shall lie down with the kid.'
This however, is merely an allegory, meaning that the Jews will live
safely, even with the wicked nations, who are likened to wolves and
THE FIRST MESSIANIC CRITERIA IS GENEALOGY:
Of the six primary Jewish messianic criteria, the only one that
the Christian Bible claimed for Jesus was genealogy. The Messiah ben
David must be Jewish, from the Tribe of Judah, from the seed of King
David, and from the seed of King Solomon. (See
He must be Jewish.
One is Jewish if their mother is Jewish.
He must be from the tribe of Judah.
Under Jewish law, tribal affiliation is through the birth
Since Jesus allegedly had no human father, he had no tribal
affiliation. Therefore, Jesus was not from the tribe of Judah and
is eliminated from messianic consideration.
The book of Chronicles
in the Jewish Bible lists the genealogy of Abraham through King
David plus an additional 29 descendants. The Gospels of Matthew and
Luke provide conflicting genealogies for Jesus in an unsuccessful
attempt to demonstrate that Jesus fulfilled the messianic criteria
of genealogy. These three genealogies are listed, compared, and
contrasted on the following page.
Click Here )
JESUS DID NOT QUALIFY: NOTES TO THE
GENEALOGIES OF MATTHEW AND LUKE
Matthew and Luke made numerous
mistakes in their so-called "genealogies" of Jesus that eliminate
him from messianic consideration. The numbers to the left of the
text below refer back to the numbers on the genealogy chart on the
be from the House of David.
Matthew 1 and Luke 3 traced Jesus' lineage through Joseph back to
King David. However, the Gospels assert that the "holy spirit" was
Jesus' father (not Joseph).
There is no indication in the Gospels that Joseph ever adopted Jesus
although under Jewish law certain family and tribal affiliations
must be through the birth father and cannot be claimed by
For example, if a Jewish priest, (a Cohen), has a male child, he has
the status of a priest by birthright. However, if he adopts a child
whose birth father was not a Cohen, the child does not have the
status of a priest like his adopted father. Since Joseph was not
Jesus' birth father, there is no evidence in the Gospels that Jesus
was from the house of David, which cannot be conferred through
adoption under Jewish law. This eliminates Jesus from messianic
be from the Seed of Solomon
According to prophecy, the Messiah ben David must descend through
David's son Solomon. Not only was Solomon a king, he built the first
Temple, which has profound
messianic implications. Matthew claimed that Jesus descended through
Solomon but Luke claimed that Jesus descended through Nathan,
David's other son (who was not a king). This eliminates Jesus'
genealogy through Luke.
Generation Difference: Luke's genealogy from David to Jesus is
fifteen generations longer than Matthew's genealogy from David to
Jesus. This undermines the Christian claim that the Gospels are the
"word of God," because God certainly knows the genealogy of King
David. Some Christians attempt to solve this fatal problem by
claiming that Luke's genealogy is actually that of Mary, although
Mary is not mentioned in Luke's genealogy. Further, this claim is
rendered meaningless by the fact that Jewish law only recognizes
tribal affiliation through the father.
Even if one could consider the genealogy of the mother, if one
assumes a generation is at least twenty years, this means that
Joseph was at least three hundred years older than his wife (fifteen
extra generations times twenty years per generation equals a three
hundred year difference in their ages). This gives new meaning to
the idea of a "May-December" relationship.
Who was Jesus' Grandfather? The
two "genealogies" do not agree on the identity of Jesus'
grandfather. According to Matthew, Jesus' grandfather was Jacob and
according to Luke he was Heli. This creates another devastating
contradiction, further undermining the credibility of the
genealogies given for Jesus by Matthew and Luke.
PAUL AND THE GENEALOGIES: The apostle
Paul was the putative author of the Epistles Titus and Timothy,
which subtly address the issue of Jesus' genealogy:
"But avoid foolish disputes, genealogies,
contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are
unprofitable and useless."(Titus 3:3)
"...nor give heed to fables and endless
genealogies, which cause disputes rather than Godly
edification which is in faith." (1 Timothy 1:4)
CONCLUSION: The flawed and
contradictory genealogies in Luke and Matthew are extremely
problematic since genealogy is the only authentic messianic criteria
that the Christian Bible claims that Jesus fulfilled. Jesus is
eliminated from messianic consideration because of the myriad of
errors and problems in both Matthew and Luke's genealogies.
THE SECOND MESSIANIC CRITERIA IS THAT
HE WILL BE ANOINTED KING OF ISRAEL. The term "messiah" means
anointed with oil and in a messianic context refers to an anointed
king. According to Jewish prophecy the Messiah ben David must
descend from David who was a King of Israel. Therefore, David's
messianic descendant must also be an anointed king of Israel. It is
necessary that a Jewish prophet (or a High Priest)
anoint Jewish kings (with oil) because prophets are messengers
of God and authenticate their right to kingship. For example, the
prophet Samuel anointed King Saul with oil,
and Samuel also anointed King David with oil.
This is one of the reasons the prophet
Malachi prophesized that the prophet Elijah would return prior to
the coming of the Messiah ben David.
A prophet (Elijah) must anoint David's messianic descendent king
of Israel. Accordingly, in the Christian Bible Matthew claimed that
John the Baptist was "Elijah the prophet."
Problematically, the Gospel of John (contradicting Matthew) reported
that John the Baptist said he was not Elijah the prophet,
creating yet another problem for Jesus.
According to the Gospel of John, when the
Roman Procurator Pilate asked Jesus if he was "king of the Jews,"
Jesus answered "yes."
In addition, the Gospels report that a woman anointed Jesus' head
and a woman anointed Jesus' feet with oil.
Jesus was also anointed with oil for his burial.
Interestingly, since Jesus claimed to be king of an "otherworldly
this anointing with burial oil may have been intended by the Gospel
writer to initiate his rule into a "spiritual" kingdom." However,
although Jesus may have claimed to be "king of Israel" and nameless
women may have anointed him with oil, these women were not prophets
and there is no indication in the Gospels that Jesus was ever
anointed Jesus king of Israel.
"When your days are complete and you lie with your forefathers, I
shall raise up after you your offspring who will issue from your
loins, and I shall make his kingdom firm. He shall build a Temple
for My sake, and I shall make firm the throne of his kingdom
forever. I shall be a Father unto him and he shall be a son unto Me,
so that when he sins I will chastise him with the rod of men and
with afflictions of human beings. But My kindness will not be
removed from him as I removed [it] from Saul, whom I removed from
before you. Your dynasty and your kingdom will remain steadfast
before you for all time; your throne will remain firm forever." (2
CHRONICLES: "When your days are complete to go to your
forefathers, I will raise up after you your offspring who will be
from among your sons; and I shall make his kingdom firm. He shall
build a Temple for Me and I shall make his throne firm forever." (1
CONCLUSION: Jesus may have claimed
to be "king" and women may have anointed him with oil. However, a
prophet never anointed Jesus king of Israel. Therefore, he failed to
fulfill this messianic criteria and is therefore eliminated from
THE THIRD MESSIANIC CRITERIA IS THAT HE
WILL BRING THE JEWISH PEOPLE BACK TO ISRAEL. Not only did Jesus
fail to bring the Jewish People back to Israel, the Jews were
expelled from Israel shortly after Jesus lived. This is the
opposite of what this messianic prophecy requires.
ISAIAH: "He will arise a banner
for the nations and assemble the castaways of Israel; and He will
gather in the dispersed ones of Judah from the four corners of the
earth." (Isaiah 11:12)
ISAIAH: "It shall be on that day
that Hashem will thresh, from the surging [Euphrates] River to the
Brook of Egypt, and you [Israel] will be gathered up one by one, O
Children of Israel. It shall be on that day that a great shofar will
be blown, and those who are lost in the land of Assyria and those
cast away in the land of Egypt will come [together], and they will
prostrate themselves to Hashem on the holy mountain in Jerusalem."
JEREMIAH: "I will return the
captivity of Judah and captivity of Israel, and will rebuild them as
at first." (Jeremiah 33:7)
CONCLUSION: Jesus did not return the
Jewish People to Israel and he is therefore eliminated from
THE FIFTH MESSIANIC CRITERIA IS THAT HE
WILL BRING PEACE TO THE WORLD AND END ALL WAR. Jesus brought no
peace to the world. Israel was destroyed in two wars with Rome
shortly after Jesus lived. The last 2000 years have been the most
violent in human history and the Church that was founded in Jesus'
name caused many of these wars. Since its re-establishment in 1948,
Israel has not been safe from her enemies.
EZEKIEL: "I will seal a covenant
of peace with them; it will be an eternal covenant with them; and I
will emplace them and increase them, and I will place My Sanctuary
among them forever." (Ezekiel 37:26)
MICAH: "He will judge between many
peoples, and will settle the arguments of mighty nations from far
away. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears
into pruning knives; nation will not lift sword against nations, nor
will they learn war anymore." (Micah 4:3)
ISAIAH: "He will judge among the
nations, and will settle the arguments of many peoples. They shall
beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning
hooks; nation will not lift sword against nation and they will no
longer study warfare." (Isaiah 2:4)
CONCLUSION: Jesus brought no peace to
the world, and he is therefore eliminated from messianic
THE SIXTH MESSIANIC CRITERIA IS THAT HE
WILL BRING KNOWLEDGE OF GOD TO THE WORLD. Jesus did not bring
knowledge of the Jewish God to the world. The Christian Bible
directly contradicts the Jewish definition of God and directly
contradicts all fundamental Jewish teachings about God. Most of the
world still does not know God. Ironically, whenever a Christian
missionary proselytizes a non-believer he proves that the
Messiah ben David has not yet come. His act of proselytizing is a
graphic demonstration that the world is not yet filled with
knowledge of God.
ISAIAH: "They will neither injure
nor destroy in all of My sacred mountain; for the earth will be as
filled with knowledge of Hashem as water covering the sea bed."
ISAIAH: "The glory of Hashem will
be revealed, and all flesh together will see that the mouth of
Hashem has spoken." (Isaiah 40:5)
ZEPHANIAH: "For then I will change
the nations [to speak] a pure language, so that they all will
proclaim the Name of Hashem, to worship Him with a united resolve."
JEREMIAH: "They will no longer
teach - each man his fellow, each man his brother-saying, "Know
Hashem! For all of them will know Me, from their smallest to their
greatest - the word of Hashem - when I will forgive their iniquity
and will no longer recall their sin." (Jeremiah 31:33)
CONCLUSION: Jesus failed to bring
knowledge of God to the world and is therefore eliminated from
messianic consideration. The Messiah ben David by definition
is the man who fulfills the six authentic messianic criteria
discussed above. The Christian idea of "belief or faith" in this
messiah or in his identity is never mentioned in the Jewish Bible
because it is irrelevant. In Jewish terms, failure to fulfill
even one of the messianic criteria is conclusive proof that
individual is not the Messiah ben David. Therefore, when Jesus
died without fulfilling any of the six messianic criteria, this was
conclusive proof that he was not the Messiah ben David.
THERE IS NO "SECOND COMING" CONCEPT IN THE
JEWISH BIBLE: Missionaries respond with their "second coming"
theory, which asserts that Jesus will accomplish everything when he
comes "next time." There are two major problems with this Christian
answer. First, the second coming theory has no scriptural
basis in the Jewish Bible. In fact, scripture states that when a
person dies, "on that day his plans all perish."
Therefore, according to scripture, when Jesus died, his plans ended.
Second, the second coming theory can apply to any person who
has ever lived and therefore is totally meaningless. For example,
one can claim that their Gentile grandmother was the messiah. When
challenged that she didn't accomplish anything, one can say that
when she "comes back" she will be born a Jewish man with the correct
genealogy and will accomplish everything!